- Students MUST take outline notes on the assigned textbook pages below. Students should listen to the audio lectures later in preparation for exams.
- Outline notes are graded. They must be substantive and organized.
- Guide Questions are EXTRA CREDIT and due THE DAY OF THE UNIT TEST.
Review the Guide Question Format.
unit 01; ch. 01-04
What were the distinctive features of the Indian civilizations in North and Mesoamerica?
How did religion impact European exploration?
Compare and contrast the Portuguese impact in Africa and the Spanish impact in America.
What was impact of the Columbian Exchange on the Americas, Europe, and Africa?
Evaluate the success of the colonial goals of the Spanish, French, and Dutch?
What accounts for the various systems of bound labor in the Chesapeake colonies?
Why did the Puritans create an established church and persecute dissenters?
Compare the uprisings led by Pope in New Mexico and Metacom in New England.
What was the role of the colonies in the British mercantilist system?
How did the South Atlantic system shape the development of the various colonies?
Why did the British follow the policy of Salutary Neglect and what were its consequences?
What strategies did farming families use to preserve the freehold ideal?
What issues divided the ethnic and religious groups of the Middle Colonies?
How did the Enlightenment and Great Awakening challenge traditional sources of authority?
What were the causes of unrest in the American backcountry in the mid-eighteenth century?
unit 02; ch. 05-08
Why did the colonists object to new taxes in 1764 and 1765 and how did they oppose them?
Weigh the importance of economic + ideological motives in promoting colonial resistance.
Why did those in Parliament believe that colonial arguments rebellion were not justified?
Who was blame for Britain’s failure to win a quick victory over the American rebels? Explain.
Why did Britain switch to a southern military strategy? Why did that strategy ultimately fail?
What were the causes of Shays’ Rebellion, and what does it tell us about postwar America?
How did the Philadelphia convention compromise to resolve critical issues 1787?
What was Hamilton’s vision of the future? What policies did he implement to achieve it?
Could western Indians have done anything to limit white expansion? Explain.
How did the decisions of the Supreme Court between 1801-1820 change American society?
Why did Americans believe granting privileges to businesses violated republican principles?
Did America become more democratic for men and women in the 19th century? Explain.
How did Southern aristocratic republicanism differ from Northern democratic republicanism?
Why did Protestant Christianity and Protestant women emerge as forces for social change?
UNIT 03; CH. 09-12
How did American textile manufacturers compete with the British in the early 19th cen.?
What roles did government play in the development of America’s transportation networks?
How important were the Industrial + Market revolutions in changing the US economy?
Explain the connection between democracy and the emergence of political parties.
Did Jackson’s policies on banking and tariffs help or hurt the American economy? Explain.
How did the ideology of the Whigs differ from that of the Jacksonian Democrats?
What was the relationship between transcendentalism + individualism? + social reform?
What accounts for the proliferation of rural utopian communities in 19th century America?
How did black social thought change over the first half of the 19th century?
What were the goals of the women's rights movement, and why did they arouse opposition?
What factors produced the expanding domestic trade in slaves between 1800-1860?
In what endeavors did African Americans succeed and not succeed between 1800-1860?
UNIT 04; CH. 13-14
In what ways did Manifest Destiny reflect new political support for territorial expansion?
Who benefitted more from ithe Compromise of 1850: the North or the South? Why?
Which constitutional arguments influenced Justice Taney’s opinion in Dred Scott?
How did Lincoln’s position on slavery during the 1850s differ from that of Stephen Douglas?
In the first years of the war, what were the political and military strategies of each side?
How effective were the Union + Confederacy about mobilizing soldiers, citizens, + resources?
How did Gettysburg + Vicksburg change the war strategically and diplomatically?
How did the Emancipation Proclamation affect the politics and military affairs of the North?
UNIT 05; CH. 15-19
What policies emerged from that conflict between Johnson and Congress?
How did the freedmen’s goal of landownership clash with northerners + southerners?
What factors undermined Republican control of the federal government during the 1870?
How did the post-Civil War nation’s economic goals shape it’s foreign policy?
How did homesteaders respond to environmental conditions, + what were the consequences?
What effect did Grant’s Peace Policy and subsequent US Indian policy have on native peoples?
What were the consequences of new work patterns in industrial America for men and women?
What factors shaped the immigration experience in the US among ethnic and racial groups?
What factors prompted the emergence of the labor movement among farmers and workers?
What new educational opportunities arose for young Americans in the late 19th century?
How did America’s expanding consumer culture change women’s lives?
What were some of the ways in which Darwinism shaped American thought in this era?
What economic factors uniquely shaped the development of cities and urban life after 1860?
What role did political machines play in city government? Did they serve democracy?
What roles did social settlements play in city life?
UNIT 06; CH. 20-21
What were the origins of the People’s Party?
What was the impact to democracy of state measures to restrict the vote?
How did Wilsonian progressive reforms differ from those during earlier presidencies?
What economic and intellectual factors promoted US imperialism in the late 19th century?
How did US policymakers justify imperial policies in the Caribbean in the early 1900s?
What factors undercut US neutrality during WWI? Why did the US finally enter the war?
What factors led to the rejection of the Treaty of Versailles by the US senate?
UNIT 07; CH. 22-24
What factors contributed to racial and labor violence after the war?
What movements did women reformers undertake in the 1920s, + how successful were they?
What cultural criticisms did modern American writers offer in the 1920s?
What domestic and global factors triggered the Great Depression?
How did President Hoover respond to the economic emergency?
What were the main programs of the New Deal’s “Hundred Days”? What were their goals?
How did the second New Deal differ from the first? Why did FDR change course?
What was the impact of the New Deal on organized labor, women, and ethnic minorities?
Why did the US wait until 1941 to enter WWII?
What impact did war mobilization have on women, racial minorities, and organized labor?
What was the impact of WWII on the everyday life of the majority of Americans?
Explain why the US used atomic weapons against Japan.
UNIT 08; CH. 25-31
How would you assess responsibility for the origins of the Cold War?
What were the components of Cold War liberalism?
How did US involvement with right-wing dictators in the 1950s present a dilemma?
What were the major factors in the expansion of the middle class in these decades?
Explain the relationship between suburbanization and consumption.
What were the new cultural expectations of men and women in the 1950s?
In what ways did WWII and the Cold War help advance the cause of civil rights?
In what ways did white resistance hinder the civil rights movement? In what ways did it help?
How effective were calls by minority groups in the late 1960-70s for rights and independence?
What were the key components of the Great Society?
Why did President Johnson suffer a “credibility gap” over Vietnam?
In what ways did 1968 represent a turning point in postwar history?
What laws and values were at stake in the Watergate Scandal?
Why did the environmental movement prove so divisive? Whose interests were threatened?
How did the US Supreme Court affect the extension or restriction of rights during the 1970s?
How did evangelical Christianity influence American society in the 1970s and 1980s?
In what ways was the New Right “reactive”, and in what was was it “proactive”?
What limits did Reagan face in promoting his policies? What were his successes and failures?
What factors led to the end of the Cold War?
In what ways has the US benefitted from globalization? In what ways has it not?
What were the sides in the culture wars of the 1980s and 90s?
How would you compare the Iraq War with previous wars in US history?